Explore Goa >> Information about Snakes of Goa



Information about Snakes of Goa

1. Scientific name - Dendrelaphis tristis

Local name - Pasco

Size

1 metre

Identification

Elegant, with elongated head bluntly rounded snout, small nostril, large lustrous eyes with golden iris and round pupil.

Coloration

Purple brown, bronze brown or ruddy brown, belly creamy yellow, pale grey, greenish or bluish green.

Breeding

Oviparous, gestation 4 to 6 months, 6 to 7 eggs.

Habitat

Trees and bushes.

Prey

Lizards, tree frogs, snakes and birds.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Diurnal, arboreal. Active snake with quick movements, moves with fore body erect on ground, a lively snake that has the ability to jump; when annoyed they expand their body displaying sky blue scales.

 

2. Painted Bronzeback

Scientific name Dendrelaphis pictus

Local name Pasco or Nanato

Size 1465mm

Identification On scalation .

Coloration Red tongue.

Breeding Oviparous.

Habitat Semi forest (Arboreal).

Prey Lizards, tree frogs, snakes and birds.

Status Not common.

Distribution Western Ghats.

Venom Non venomous.

Behavior

Diurnal, arboreal. Active snake with quick movements, moves with fore body erect on ground, a lively snake that has the ability to jump; when annoyed they expand their body displaying sky blue scales.

 

3. Fostern Cat Snake

Scientific name

Boiga forsterni

Local name

Manjrea

Size

2 metre

Identification

Eyes like the eyes of cats.

Coloration

Dirty whitish or buff, powdered or marbled with brown, a series of large brown cross bars.

Breeding

Oviparous.

Habitat

Western Ghats or dense forest.

Prey

Bats, pigeon and poultry.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Western Ghats.

Venom

Semi venomous.

Behavior

Living in pairs, arboreal.

Indian Spectacled Cobra

Scientific name

Naja naja

Local name

Parro

Size

1.3 m

Identification

Spectacle mark on hood.

Coloration

Yellowish, brownish.

Breeding

April May, Gestation period 62 days, eggs hatch in 48 69, 12 to 22 eggs, both parents incubated.

Habitat

Heavy jungles,open cultivated lands, white ants nest, found in or near water.

Prey

Birds, frogs, rats, eggs, lizards and other snakes.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Venomous.

Behavior

Diurnal, usually more active or alert at night. Myth Take Revenge.

 

Checkered Keelback

Scientific name

Xenochrophis piscator

Local name

Aawale

Size

120 cm

Identification

Robust snake with oval head, slit like nostril, moderately large eyes with upward inclination. Checkered pattern on body.

Coloration

Strongly keeled scales and five rows of black spots on yellow or olivacous background, head olive brown with 2 black streaks one below and one behind the eye, belly white or yellowish.

Breeding

8 to 91 eggs, size 18 x 27 mm, gestation 55 to 67 days.

Habitat

Fresh water.

Prey

Frogs, fish and tadpole.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Nocturnal, aquatic facing upstream, very aggressive and very fast in striking.

 

Common Krait

Scientific name

Bungarus caeruleus

Local name

Kaner

Size

1.2 metre (we have caught 2m in Goa)

Identification

Long cylindrical body, iris black, pupil indistinguishable, tail short, scales shiny.

Coloration

Black above with paired narrow white cross bars indistinct.

Breeding

Feb to March, incubation, 6 to 15 eggs 35 x 19 mm

Habitat

Fields, scrub jungle, near water.

Prey

Snakes.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Haemotoxic & Neurotoxic

Behavior

Nocturnal, calm.

Variegated Kukri

Scientific name

Oligodon taeniolata

Local name

Gar Gar Sarp

Size

50 cm

Identification

Slender graceful snake with no indication of neck, tail short about 1/7 of length. Teeth structure is similar to a weapon called Kukri.

Coloration

Large transversely arranged dark brown black aged spots.

Breeding

Habitat

Hills, ever green forest.

Prey

Reptile eggs and frog spawn.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Western Ghats.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Diurnal.

Common Rat Snake

Scientific name

Ptyas mucosus

Local name

Deevodd

Size

314 cm

Identification

Elongated head, large eyes, robust body.

Coloration

Olivaceous brown, shaded between sepia and light mustard yellow, skin blackish, mottled with fawn or whitish transverse streaks. Belly is greyish white, dirty white or yellowish.

Breeding

Mating in May June, gestation 3 months, 6 to 14 eggs.

Habitat

Plains and forest.

Prey

Rodents, reptiles & birds.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Very active when disturbed. Myth If it remains in your house for one night, you become rich.

Indian Rock Python

Scientific name

Python molurus

Local name

Azgar, Aar

Size

5 metre (we have caught 6m in Goa)

Identification

Sensory pits on snout, massive built & length, arrow shape on head.

Coloration

Ground color greyish whitish or yellowish, patches of black or blackish.

Breeding

Mating during cold season, 8 to 100 eggs, 3 to 4 months gestation, 12 x 6 cm eggs. Female incubates eggs.

Habitat

Jungle dweller, open forest, rivers and ponds.

Prey

Mammals birds and reptiles.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

At ease on land, in water, and on trees. Constrictor, hibernating. Myth Swallows human being.

 

Common Sandboa

Scientific name

Eryx sps

Local name

Malund or Dutundo

Size

60 cm

Identification

Stout, short & heavy body, short tail.

Coloration

Squarish blotches and patches of brown.

Breeding

Ovoviviparous.

Habitat

Plains and slightly hilly areas.

Prey

Rodents, birds and sometimes frogs.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non Venomous.

Behavior

Nocturnal, constrictor, slow moving, burrowing. Myth Two-headed.

Beaked Sea Snake

Scientific name

Enhydrina schistosus

Local name

Size

1 metre

Identification

Oar shape tail, large snake with elongate, robust sub cylindrical forebody, compressed posteriorly large head short snout. Beaked shaped scale on upper lip

Coloration

Bluish or bluish grey above, yellowish belly.

Breeding

Viviparous, 4 to 9 young.

Habitat

Arabian sea.

Prey

Catfish.

Status

Common.

Distribution

River mouth and shallow coastal waters.

Venom

Venomous. Ten times more potent than cobra.

Behavior

Gentle.

Ocellate Shield Tail

Scientific name

Uropeltis ocellata

Local name

Khappar khawlya

Size

52 cm

Identification

Tapering small head.

Coloration

Olivaceous brown or green with paler center, Whole body with yellow spots, grouped in irregular chains..

Breeding

Ovoviviparous, 3 to 5 young.

Habitat

Hilly forest.

Prey

Earthworms.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Across Western Ghats.

Venom

Non venomous, non biting.

Behavior

Burrowing.

Trinket Snake

Scientific name

Elaphe helena

Local name

Taskar

Size

120 cm

Identification

Trinkets, broad dark stripe till tail from where trinkets end.

Coloration

Shades of brown, yellowish or whitish on lips.

Breeding

Oviparous, young hatch in June.

Habitat

Forest borders.

Prey

Mammals, lizards and snakes.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Western Ghats.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Arboreal.

Malabar Pit Viper

Scientific name

Trimeresurus malabaricus

Local name

Foorshe

Size

60 cm

Identification

Coloration

Green with brown patches on the body.

Breeding

Viviparous.

Habitat

Dense forest.

Prey

Frogs and small reptiles.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Western Ghats.

Venom

Haemotoxic.

Behavior

Slow moving, fast striking, nocturnal.

 

Green Whip Snake

Scientific name

Ahaetulla nasuta

Local name

Haryali

Size

1.25 metre

Identification

Green color, horizontal pupil, pointed snout. Long slender with elongate snout narrowing rapidly, large eye, iris powdered with gold, long tail.

Coloration

Bright verdant green, belly lighter shade of green, each side has narrow white stripes.

Breeding

Ovoviviparous, gestation 6 months, 3 to 23 hatchlings.

Habitat

Plains and low lands, bushes and scrub in jungles, gardens and groves.

Prey

Small mammals, birds, lizards snakes, tadpoles, fish and frogs.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Semi venomous.

Behavior

Diurnal, fast, when excited displays internal black and white checkered skin. Myth Strikes the head or shining object.

Common Wolf Snake

Scientific name

Lycodon aulicus

Local name

Kavadya Sarp

Size

60 cm

Identification

Glossy slender, pair shaped depressed head, black eye, tongue pinkish with white tip, neck slightly constricted.

Coloration

Brown color, light brown to dark cigar brown with yellow cross bars.

Breeding

4 to 11 eggs.

Habitat

Close to human habitation, mostly in houses.

Prey

Geckos, mice, skink.

Status

Common.

Distribution

Entire Goa.

Venom

Non venomous.

Behavior

Nocturnal aggressive, coiling and climber, even on smooth surfaces.

Common Worm Snake (Blind Snake)

Scientific name

Ramphotyphlops braminus

Local name

Teleo

Size

170 mm

Identification

Tiny earthworm-like but thinner and longer. Tiny eyes, oily.

Coloration

Shades of darker brown.

Breeding

Oviparous. April to July, 2 to 7 eggs (5 10 mm).

Habitat

Underground.

Prey

Larvae, pupae, small insects

Status

Common during monsoon.

Distribution

Entire Goa, except sandy places.

Venom

Non venomous, non biting.

Behavior

Solitary, burrower, slow moving. Myth Enters the ears of sleeping person.

 
 
Goa News Headlines
Loading...